Are you wondering if you're at risk of head injuries?

People who take part in athletic activities are more likely to suffer head injuries. So are people who work in particularly dangerous professions. But anyone can suffer a head injury.

There are many different types of head injuries. And they each happen for different reasons. Keep reading to learn more about the different types of head injuries and their signs and symptoms.


Hematoma occurs when a large volume of blood collects inside the tissue of the skull. Blood pools outside of the blood vessels, resulting in swelling. Headaches, nausea, and dizziness are common symptoms of a hematoma.

Depending on the size, it can cause severe headaches, vomiting, and vision issues. Also, a hematoma can cause permanent brain damage and hearing loss.

Treatment includes medications to reduce swelling, drain the blood, and track symptoms. Surgery may also get recommended to repair any skull fractures or to remove the hematoma.


A hemorrhage is an injury that causes extreme internal bleeding. Hemorrhages can occur in the brain and surrounding tissue. They can be due to trauma, illness, or an infection.

When a hemorrhage occurs, a mass of blood can form and put pressure on the brain. This can cause a severe and sometimes fatal head injury.


Concussions are one of the most common types of head injuries. They happen when the brain gets jolted or shaken due to a blow to the head or body.

Symptoms may include headache, confusion, and nausea or vomiting. They can also include dizziness, sensitivity to light, and trouble sleeping.

Concussions can range from mild to severe and can last anywhere from a few hours to several weeks. Treatment often involves rest and may include physical and cognitive therapy.

It is not a good idea to ignore concussions. You can check out this article on an untreated concussion to know more about the consequences. 


Edema is an accumulation of excess fluid within the body’s tissues. It is often accompanied by swelling and puffiness in the hands, feet, ankles, and legs.

It is caused by a range of medical conditions. These include kidney, liver, and heart problems.

Common symptoms include swelling, pain, tightness of the skin, and weight gain. Some even experience difficulty sleeping and discoloration.

In severe cases, the area can become tender and difficult to the touch, and skin may crack and develop a rash. Other signs include feelings of heaviness, puffiness, and difficulty breathing.

Skull Fracture

Skull fractures are one of the most serious types of head injuries. Common causes include falls, blunt force trauma, and penetration from a foreign object.

Symptoms include intense headaches, nausea, visual disturbances, confusion, and intense pain. A skull fracture can range from a mild crack with no symptoms to a severe fracture with catastrophic consequences.

In severe cases, it can cause a brain injury. This can then lead to paralysis, cognitive disabilities, and even death.

Knowing the Types of Head Injuries

The types of head injuries vary and can have serious consequences. Erring on the side of caution and calling 911 to receive medical attention is always the best decision.

Knowing how to respond to each can reduce further injury and aid in recovery. If you or a loved one suffered a head injury, call your physician for the best course of treatment.

Check out the health section on our blog for more helpful tips!